Intersection of “Tokku” Special Zone, Robots, and the Law: A Case Study on Legal Impacts to Humanoid Robots

The unique “Tokku” Special Zone for Robot-ics Empirical Testing and Development (RT special zone) originated in Japan. Since 2003, the world’s first RT special zone had already established in Fukuoka Prefecture, Fukuoka City and Kitakyushu City. At that time, Takanishi Laboratory, Humanoid Robotics Institute of Waseda University had conducted many empirical testing within several different…

How Medical Robots are going to Affect Our Lives

As we look at the fundamental manner in which emerging technologies are altering human life, a natural trend to talk about is how Medical Robots are bringing about the biggest paradigm shift in ways in which human beings are treated and human lives are saved. Medical Robots help surgeons perform surgeries with maximum precision, minimal…

Developing a healthcare robot with personalized behaviors and social skills for the elderly

This paper describes research towards a general framework for a behavior control architecture that will provide customized interaction between the robot and an elderly individual suffering from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This framework will enable the robot to learn from past events and to adapt its behavior to the specific needs of the person that…

Humanoid push recovery

We extend simple models previously developed for humanoids to large push recovery. Using these simple models, we develop analytic decision surfaces that are functions of reference points, such as the center of mass and center of pressure, that predict whether or not a fall is inevitable. We explore three strategies for recovery: 1) using ankle…

Psychological and social effects of one year robot assisted activity on elderly people at a health service facility for the aged

A long-term experiment of robot assisted activity for elderly people has been conducted at a health service facility for the aged since Aug. 2003. Three therapeutic seal robots, Paro, were introduced there. This paper describes the results of the experiment for one year. Face scales that consist of illustrations of person's faces were used to…

The Ethical Landscape of Robotics

In this article, we highlight the possible benefits, as well potential threats, related to the widespread use of robots. We follow the view that a robot cannot be analyzed on its own without taking into consideration the complex sociotechnical nexus of today's societies and that high-tech devices, such as robots, may influence how societies develop…

Socially Assistive Robot Enabled Home-Based Care for Supporting People with Autism

The growing number of people diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is an issue of concern in Australia and many countries. In order to improve the engagement, reciprocity, productivity and usefulness of people with ASD in a home-based environment, in this paper the authors report on a 9 month Australian home-based care trial of a…

Socially Assistive Robots in Elderly Care: A Mixed-Method Systematic Literature Review

The world’s population is aging, and developed countries are engaged in developing a new aged-care paradigm to reduce spiraling healthcare costs. Assistive technologies like Socially Assistive Robots (SAR) are being considered as enablers to support the process of caregiving or to keep the elderly at home longer. This article reports on a mixed-method systematic review…

Remote-Control Crimes

In summary, the development and use of tele-operated robotic systems will continue to present new difficulties for the enforcement of local and international laws. These systems present a new capability for committing violent crimes at great distances that did not exist before. Moreover, the ability of tele-agency to separate actors from their actions will further…