Development and preliminary evaluation of a caregiver’s manual for robot therapy using the therapeutic seal robot Paro

Robot therapy is expected to have psychological, physiological and social effects similar to animal therapy. The use of a therapeutic seal robot, Paro, in various facilities for the elderly is spreading around the world. However, caregivers use Paro freely, and the ways in which they use Paro differ among them. Therefore, the effects are influenced…

Seeing is comforting: Effects of teleoperator visibility in robot-mediated health care

Teleoperated robots can be used to provide medical care to patients in infectious disease outbreaks, alleviating workers from being in dangerous infectious zones longer than absolutely needed. Nevertheless, patients' reactions to this technology have not been tested. We test three hypotheses related to patients' comfort and trust of the operator and robot in a simulated…

Developing a healthcare robot with personalized behaviors and social skills for the elderly

This paper describes research towards a general framework for a behavior control architecture that will provide customized interaction between the robot and an elderly individual suffering from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This framework will enable the robot to learn from past events and to adapt its behavior to the specific needs of the person that…

Study on transition of elderly people’s reactions in robot therapy

Most elderly people staying in nursing homes have dementia, and various kinds of recreational programs are provided in order to prevent or ameliorate this problem. Robot therapy is a recreational program that has recently been introduced in some nursing homes. However, the effects of robot therapy are difficult to evaluate. In this study, we identified…

Preserving dignity in patient caregiver relationships using moral emotions and robots

This paper provides an overview of an ongoing NSF project that is intended to improve the long-term quality of care for patients suffering from early stage Parkinson's disease. Due to facial masking in the patient, a stigmatization often occurs in their relationship with the caregiver due to the inability to adequately perceive the patient's emotional…

Living With Seal Robots: Its Sociopsychological and Physiological Influences on the Elderly at a Care House

Robot therapy for elderly residents in a care house has been conducted since June 2005. Two therapeutic robots were introduced into a care facility, and activated for over 9 h each day to interact with the residents. This paper presents the results of the first month of this experiment. To investigate the psychological and social…

Performance of daily activities by older adults with dementia: The role of an assistive robot

Older adults with cognitive impairment often have difficulties in remembering the proper sequence of activities of daily living (ADLs) or how to use the tools necessary to perform ADLs. They therefore require reminders in a timely fashion while performing ADLs. This is a very stressful situation for the caregivers of people with dementia. In this…