Case-Based Reasoning Systems in the Health Sciences: A Survey of Recent Trends and Developments

The health sciences are, nowadays, one of the major application areas for case-based reasoning (CBR). The paper presents a survey of recent medical CBR systems based on a literature review and an e-mail questionnaire sent to the corresponding authors of the papers where these systems are presented. Some clear trends have been identified, such as…

Participatory design for home care technology

We propose a Prosumer (producer + consumer) model of participatory design for applications of technology for home health. Our focus is on technology to keep elderly and disabled consumers of care independent and able to live in their own homes. Our methodology is based on a new technique for participative design whereby the consumers of…

Enhancing Health Care Delivery through Ambient Intelligence Applications

This paper presents the implementation of a smart environment that employs Ambient Intelligence technologies in order to augment a typical hospital room with smart features that assist both patients and medical staff. In this environment, various wireless and wired sensor technologies have been integrated, allowing the patient to control the environment and interact with the…

OutCare: Supporting Dementia Patients in Outdoor Scenarios

Ambient Intelligence (AmI) is a profound vision of computing power that is invisibly embedded into the fabric of everyday life. It is accessible through intelligent interfaces which are so natural that they can be used unconsciously. The increasing maturity, performance and miniaturization of processors, networking technologies and wireless sensor networks enables a move towards pervasive…

Wireless sensor networks for in-home healthcare: Issues, trends and prospects

As the world's population ages, those suffering from diseases of the elderly will increase. Health care expenditures will increase rapidly and become unaffordable for governments around the world. New technology and new models for patient healthcare must be found to relieve the pressure on finances and society. In-home pervasive networks may assist residents by providing…

The Rights of Machines: Caring for Robotic Care-Givers

Work in the field of machine medical ethics, especially as it applies to healthcare robots, generally focuses attention on controlling the decision-making capabilities and actions of autonomous machines for the sake of respecting the rights of human beings. Absent from much of the current literature is a consideration of the other side of this issue.…