Development and preliminary evaluation of a caregiver’s manual for robot therapy using the therapeutic seal robot Paro

Robot therapy is expected to have psychological, physiological and social effects similar to animal therapy. The use of a therapeutic seal robot, Paro, in various facilities for the elderly is spreading around the world. However, caregivers use Paro freely, and the ways in which they use Paro differ among them. Therefore, the effects are influenced…

Interaction Expands Function: Social Shaping of the Therapeutic Robot PARO in a Nursing Home

We use the social shaping of technology and society framework to qualitatively analyze data collected through observation of human-robot interaction (HRI) between social actors in a nursing home (staff, residents, visitors) and the socially assistive robot PARO. The study took place over the course of three months, during which PARO was placed in a publicly…

Participatory design for home care technology

We propose a Prosumer (producer + consumer) model of participatory design for applications of technology for home health. Our focus is on technology to keep elderly and disabled consumers of care independent and able to live in their own homes. Our methodology is based on a new technique for participative design whereby the consumers of…

Psychological and social effects of one year robot assisted activity on elderly people at a health service facility for the aged

A long-term experiment of robot assisted activity for elderly people has been conducted at a health service facility for the aged since Aug. 2003. Three therapeutic seal robots, Paro, were introduced there. This paper describes the results of the experiment for one year. Face scales that consist of illustrations of person's faces were used to…

Living With Seal Robots: Its Sociopsychological and Physiological Influences on the Elderly at a Care House

Robot therapy for elderly residents in a care house has been conducted since June 2005. Two therapeutic robots were introduced into a care facility, and activated for over 9 h each day to interact with the residents. This paper presents the results of the first month of this experiment. To investigate the psychological and social…

Home Care Expert Systems for Ambient Assisted Living: A Multi-Agent Approach

The aging process of the population of the First World countries is increasing interest in solutions to improve the quality of life of elderly or disabled people and their families, providing an economically sustainable form of healthcare. Thus, Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) and Ambient Intelligence (AmI) are moving towards the Artificial Intelligence field to develop…

ICT services for prolonging independent living of the elderly with cognitive impairments – IN LIFE concept

Older people with cognitive impairment need support in their everyday living. IN LIFE, an EC co-funded project, aims to organize large-scale and multi-country pilot applications, by providing interoperable, open, personalised and seamless ICT solutions that support older persons in all key home activities, communication, health maintenance, travel, mobility and socialisation tasks, with novel, scalable and…

ICT towards elderly independent living

Due to current demographic trends and aging, more and more people are living alone and need proper support in their daily activities. An important aspect in overcoming the problems of people living independently is the use of Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) technologies. AAL is related to the use of ICT to increase the quality of…

Performance of daily activities by older adults with dementia: The role of an assistive robot

Older adults with cognitive impairment often have difficulties in remembering the proper sequence of activities of daily living (ADLs) or how to use the tools necessary to perform ADLs. They therefore require reminders in a timely fashion while performing ADLs. This is a very stressful situation for the caregivers of people with dementia. In this…

Socially Assistive Robots in Elderly Care: A Mixed-Method Systematic Literature Review

The world’s population is aging, and developed countries are engaged in developing a new aged-care paradigm to reduce spiraling healthcare costs. Assistive technologies like Socially Assistive Robots (SAR) are being considered as enablers to support the process of caregiving or to keep the elderly at home longer. This article reports on a mixed-method systematic review…

Wireless sensor networks for in-home healthcare: Issues, trends and prospects

As the world's population ages, those suffering from diseases of the elderly will increase. Health care expenditures will increase rapidly and become unaffordable for governments around the world. New technology and new models for patient healthcare must be found to relieve the pressure on finances and society. In-home pervasive networks may assist residents by providing…