control   lethal robots   machine learning   model based reasoning   machine ethics   poltical science   killer robots   social aspects of automation   health care   weapons   service robots   robot companion   defence ethics   affect   miltary doctrine   autonomous vehicles   responsibility   security   emergence   values   privacy issues   ethical issues   data mining   trust   history   liability   agency   international humanitarian law   artificial intelligence   elderly   sex   psychology   human-robot interaction   big data   human rights   reactive behavior   life quality   affordances   morality   sex robots   bias   drones   moral philosophy   dilemmas   robot behavior   international law   epistemology   Social robotics   models   law of armed conflict   moral cognition   accountability   computation   cognition   robot surgery   perception   military vehicles   swarms   law   engineering   computer ethics   armed conflict   racial discrimination   social justice   ethics   legal theory   computational methods   profiling   man-machine systems   experimental ethics   deliberative reasoning   legal agency   robots   social robots   medical law   threats   privacy   moral dilemma   architecture   methodology   elder care   discrimination   autonomy   security issues   artificial agents   social attitudes   freedom   telerobotics   cultural politics   technology acceptance   policies   assitive technology   robot architecture   machine morality   philosophy of science   well-being   autonomous robot warfare   regulation   autonomous weapons   emotion   future   heroism   simulation and modeling   digital afterlife   military robots   interaction   learning machines   mass destruction   capability theory   errors   war   craft   empowerment   criminal law   safety   justice   ethical system   death   collective decision making   credit scoring   capabilities   deception   children   artificial morality   moral competence   Design   robot caregivers   legal issues   robot ethics   human-machine interactions   technology critique   cognitive psychology   moral responsibility   robotics   mobile robots   argumentation   governance   computing profession   philosophy of mind   robotic protest   algorithm   philosophy   moral decision making   risks   rights   decision making   fairness   computers and society   care giving   simulation   autonomous robots   autonomous agents

Remote-Control Crimes

In summary, the development and use of tele-operated robotic systems will continue to present new difficulties for the enforcement of local and international laws. These systems present a new capability for committing violent crimes at great distances that did not exist before. Moreover, the ability of tele-agency to separate actors from their actions will further…

“Sorry, I Can’t Do That”: Developing Mechanisms to Appropriately Reject Directives in Human-Robot Interactions

Future robots will need mechanisms to determine when and how it is best to reject directives that it receives from human interlocutors. In this paper, we briefly present initial work that has been done in the DIARC/ADE cognitive robotic architecture to enable a directive rejection and explanation mechanism, showing its operation in a simple HRI…

Technology as empowerment: A capability approach to computer ethics

Standard agent and action-based approaches in computer ethics tend to have difficulty dealing with complex systems-level issues such as the digital divide and globalisation. This paper argues for a value-based agenda to complement traditional approaches in computer ethics, and that one value-based approach well-suited to technological domains can be found in capability theory. Capability approaches…

Terminator Niches

The aim of this paper is to connect studies in cognitive niches with the diffusion of high-technologies, cyborgs and robots, so as to obtain a new framework for analyzing some dilemmas of future technological developments. Digital technologies dramatically boosted the niche constructing dynamics by allowing the construction of new informational environments and by the addition…

The birth of roboethics

The importance, and urgency, of a Roboethics lay in the lesson of our recent history. Two of the front rank fields of science and technology, Nuclear Physics and Genetic Engineering, have already been forced to face the ethical consequences of their research’s applications under the pressure of dramatic and troubling events. In many countries, public…

The Inherent Dangers of Unidirectional Emotional Bonds between Humans and Social Robots

Emotional dependence on social robots is different from other human dependencies on technology (e.g., different both in kind and quality from depending on one’s cell phone, wrist watch, or PDA). To be able to understand the difference and the potential ramifications of building complex social robots that are freely deployed in human societies, we have…

The need for moral competency in autonomous agent architectures

Artificial intelligence and robotics are rapidly advancing in their quest to build truly autonomous agents. In particular, autonomous robots are envisioned to be deployed into our society in the not-so-distant future in many different application domains, ranging from assistive robots for healthcare settings to combat robots on the battlefield. Critically, all these robots will have…

The responsibility gap: Ascribing responsibility for the actions of learning automata

Traditionally, the manufacturer/operator of a machine is held (morally and legally) responsible for the consequences of its operation. Autonomous, learning machines, based on neural networks, genetic algorithms and agent architectures, create a new situation wherein the manufacturer/operator of the machine is in principle not capable of predicting the future machine behaviour anymore, and thus cannot…

The Rights of Machines: Caring for Robotic Care-Givers

Work in the field of machine medical ethics, especially as it applies to healthcare robots, generally focuses attention on controlling the decision-making capabilities and actions of autonomous machines for the sake of respecting the rights of human beings. Absent from much of the current literature is a consideration of the other side of this issue.…

When is a Robot a Moral Agent ?

In this paper I argue that in certain circumstances robots can be seen as real moral agents. A distinction is made between persons and moral agents such that it is not necessary for a robot to have personhood in order to be a moral agent. I detail three requirements for a robot to be seen…