military robots   cognition   collective decision making   capability theory   affordances   moral responsibility   international humanitarian law   sex   risks   robot behavior   heroism   responsibility   robot caregivers   killer robots   artificial intelligence   robotic protest   Design   computer ethics   deliberative reasoning   psychology   experimental ethics   safety   freedom   architecture   man-machine systems   legal agency   computational methods   military vehicles   lethal robots   computation   security issues   future   moral decision making   technology acceptance   mobile robots   legal issues   sex robots   racial discrimination   international law   criminal law   human-machine interactions   craft   bias   morality   cognitive psychology   data mining   interaction   values   rights   artificial agents   policies   elder care   emergence   social aspects of automation   cultural politics   trust   perception   model based reasoning   philosophy of mind   medical law   privacy issues   social justice   social robots   human rights   mass destruction   threats   argumentation   models   agency   learning machines   control   weapons   robots   dilemmas   miltary doctrine   capabilities   autonomous robots   simulation and modeling   moral cognition   errors   machine ethics   profiling   care giving   philosophy of science   autonomous weapons   machine learning   empowerment   law   reactive behavior   methodology   epistemology   affect   drones   robot architecture   artificial morality   poltical science   robot ethics   elderly   justice   liability   death   machine morality   armed conflict   security   digital afterlife   history   human-robot interaction   engineering   credit scoring   moral dilemma   discrimination   governance   Social robotics   computing profession   telerobotics   robotics   health care   accountability   computers and society   emotion   social attitudes   ethics   privacy   autonomous robot warfare   robot companion   swarms   life quality   deception   autonomous vehicles   well-being   moral competence   service robots   ethical issues   fairness   decision making   robot surgery   defence ethics   moral philosophy   assitive technology   technology critique   ethical system   big data   law of armed conflict   children   philosophy   algorithm   autonomous agents   autonomy   simulation   regulation   legal theory   war

Ban Killer Robots before They Become Weapons of Mass Destruction

Last week the Future of Life Institute released a letter signed by some 1,500 artificial intelligence (AI), robotics and technology researchers. Among them were celebrities of science and the technology industry—Stephen Hawking, Elon Musk and Steve Wozniak—along with public intellectuals such as Noam Chomsky and Daniel Dennett. The letter called for an international ban on…

What Should We Want From a Robot Ethic

There are at least three things we might mean by ethics in robotics: the ethical systems built into robots, the ethics of people who design and use robots, and the ethics of how people treat robots. This paper argues that the best approach to robot ethics is one which addresses all three of these, and…

Robot Caregivers: Harbingers of Expanded Freedom for All?

As we near a time when robots may serve a vital function by becoming caregivers, it is important to examine the ethical implications of this development. By applying the capabilities approach as a guide to both the design and use of robot caregivers, we hope that this will maximize opportunities to preserve or expand freedom…

Military Robots: Mapping the Moral Landscape

Philosophers have wrestled over the morality and ethics of war for nearly as long as human beings have been waging it. The death and destruction that unmanned warfare entails magnifies the moral and ethical challenges we face in conventional warfare and everyday society. Intrinsically linked are questions and perennial problems concerning what justifies the initial…

Why We Need Better Ethics for Emerging Technologies

Technological revolutions are dissected into three stages: the introduction stage, the permeation stage, and the power stage. The information revolution is a primary example of this tripartite model. A hypothesis about ethics is proposed, namely, ethical problems increase as technological revolutions progress toward and into the power stage. Genetic technology, nanotechnology, and neurotechnology are good…

When will people regard robots as morally competent social partners?

We propose that moral competence consists of five distinct but related elements: (1) having a system of norms; (2) mastering a moral vocabulary; (3) exhibiting moral cognition and affect; (4) exhibiting moral decision making and action; and (5) engaging in moral communication. We identify some of the likely triggers that may convince people to (justifiably)…

How Robots Can Affect Human Behavior: Investigating the Effects of Robotic Displays of Protest and Distress

The rise of military drones and other robots deployed in ethically-sensitive contexts has fueled interest in developing autonomous agents that behave ethically. The ability for autonomous agents to independently reason about situational ethics will inevitably lead to confrontations between robots and human operators regarding the morality of issued commands. Ideally, a robot would be able…

A Prospective Framework for the Design of Ideal Artificial Moral Agents: Insights from the Science of Heroism in Humans

The growing field of machine morality has becoming increasingly concerned with how to develop artificial moral agents. However, there is little consensus on what constitutes an ideal moral agent let alone an artificial one. Leveraging a recent account of heroism in humans, the aim of this paper is to provide a prospective framework for conceptualizing,…

Overriding Ethical Constraints in Lethal Autonomous Systems

This article describes the philosophy, design, and prototype implementation of an operator override system intended for use in managing unmanned robotic systems capable of lethal behavior. The ethical ramifications associated with the responsibility assignment of such a system are presented, which guide the development of the proof-of-concept system that serves as the basis for the…

Robotik im Kontext von Recht und Moral | Hilgendorf | Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft

Robotische Systeme bahnen sich beständig Ihren Weg in die verschiedenen Bereiche menschlichen Lebens. Der Einsatz dieser Maschinen ist längst nicht mehr auf den industriellen Bereich beschränkt. Vielfältige Anwendungsmöglichkeiten bieten auch der militärische, medizinische und häusliche Bereich. Die Allgegenwärtigkeit dieser Technologie prägt in zunehmendem Maße unseren Alltag. Das Werk „Robotik im Kontext von Recht und Moral“…

Machine Ethics

Machine ethics is concerned with how machines behave toward human users and other machines. It aims to create a machine that's guided by an acceptable ethical principle or set of principles in the decisions it makes about possible courses of action it could take. As ethics experts continue to progress toward consensus concerning the right…