Robot ethics examines the ethical dimensions related to robots and robotics. According to Keith Abney (2011), robot ethics can be divided into three different subsets: professional ethics of roboticists; moral code programmed into robots; or the self-conscious operations of robots themselves. This category includes different approaches to robot ethics but also draws from other closely related approaches such as machine ethics and machine morality.

freedom   machine learning   computing profession   perception   poltical science   computers and society   cognition   regulation   engineering   governance   social robots   reactive behavior   technology acceptance   human-machine interactions   discrimination   model based reasoning   interaction   future   international law   service robots   racial discrimination   mobile robots   lethal robots   robotic protest   psychology   robot architecture   philosophy of science   military robots   computation   autonomous agents   credit scoring   affect   risks   architecture   swarms   argumentation   liability   models   deliberative reasoning   heroism   killer robots   medical law   empowerment   moral competence   security issues   dilemmas   decision making   criminal law   collective decision making   emergence   robot surgery   cognitive psychology   sex   emotion   artificial morality   profiling   machine morality   affordances   death   human-robot interaction   computer ethics   big data   drones   telerobotics   philosophy of mind   sex robots   control   history   human rights   responsibility   man-machine systems   moral philosophy   capability theory   moral cognition   threats   accountability   legal issues   rights   robotics   trust   policies   international humanitarian law   elder care   artificial intelligence   ethics   Social robotics   life quality   law   social justice   law of armed conflict   capabilities   Design   fairness   methodology   bias   privacy   values   errors   learning machines   experimental ethics   social aspects of automation   armed conflict   digital afterlife   autonomy   legal theory   defence ethics   moral responsibility   simulation and modeling   simulation   weapons   legal agency   robot ethics   deception   autonomous robots   justice   children   elderly   autonomous robot warfare   autonomous vehicles   robot companion   epistemology   ethical system   ethical issues   cultural politics   robots   security   robot behavior   well-being   war   moral dilemma   autonomous weapons   agency   health care   assitive technology   technology critique   computational methods   morality   robot caregivers   artificial agents   care giving   machine ethics   miltary doctrine   privacy issues   mass destruction   military vehicles   safety   craft   moral decision making   philosophy   social attitudes   algorithm   data mining

Positive Computing

In this book, Rafael Calvo and Dorian Peters investigate what they term positive computing; the design and development of technology to support psychological well-being and human potential. Calvo and Peters explain that technologists growing interest in social good is part of a larger public concern about how our digital experience affects our emotions and our…

Embedding Ethical Principles in Collective Decision Support Systems

The future will see autonomous machines acting in the same environment as humans, in areas as diverse as driving, assistive technology, and health care. Think of self-driving cars, companion robots, and medical diagnosis support systems. We also believe that humans and machines will often need to work together and agree on common decisions. Thus hybrid…

Virtually Human

Every day, social media is automatically uploading our thoughts, memories, preferences, beliefs, and history to a virtual existence, essentially creating a mindfile of ourselves. Thousands of software engineers across the globe are working on mindware to create from these mindfile personalities and humanlike consciousness in computer software, or cyberconsciousness. In the next decade or two,…

Robotic Nudges: The Ethics of Engineering a More Socially Just Human Being

Robots are becoming an increasingly pervasive feature of our personal lives. As a result, there is growing importance placed on examining what constitutes appropriate behavior when they interact with human beings. In this paper, we discuss whether companion robots should be permitted to “nudge” their human users in the direction of being “more ethical”. More…

Of, For, and By the People: The Legal Lacuna of Synthetic Persons

Conferring legal personhood on purely synthetic entities is a very real legal possibility, one under consideration presently by the European Union. We show here that such legislative action would be morally unnecessary and legally troublesome. While AI legal personhood may have emotional or economic appeal, so do many superficially desirable hazards against which the law…

Automated Experiments on Ad Privacy Settings: A Tale of Opacity, Choice, and Discrimination

To partly address people's concerns over web tracking, Google has created the Ad Settings webpage to provide information about and some choice over the profiles Google creates on users. We present AdFisher, an automated tool that explores how user behaviors, Google's ads, and Ad Settings interact. AdFisher can run browser-based experiments and analyze data using…

One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100)

This report is the first in a series to be issued at regular intervals as a part of the One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100). Starting from a charge given by the AI100 Standing Committee to consider the likely influences of AI in a typical North American city by the year 2030, the…

Robot Sex

Sexbots are coming. Given the pace of technological advances, it is inevitable that realistic robots specifically designed for people's sexual gratification will be developed in the not-too-distant future. Despite popular culture's fascination with the topic, and the emergence of the much-publicized Campaign Against Sex Robots, there has been little academic research on the social, philosophical,…

Why robot nannies probably won’t do much psychological damage

While the issue of robot child care is obviously of critical importance, an appraisal will not benefit either the field or society if it unrealistically exaggerates a threat, any more so than if it unrealistically trivialises danger. Thus while I largely concur with Sharkey and Sharkey (hereafter S&S) on many substantial and important points, I…

The Trouble with Algorithmic Decisions: An Analytic Road Map to Examine Efficiency and Fairness in Automated and Opaque Decision Making

We are currently witnessing a sharp rise in the use of algorithmic decision-making tools. In these instances, a new wave of policy concerns is set forth. This article strives to map out these issues, separating the wheat from the chaff. It aims to provide policy makers and scholars with a comprehensive framework for approaching these…

Accountable Algorithms

Many important decisions historically made by people are now made by computers. Algorithms count votes, approve loan and credit card applications, target citizens or neighborhoods for police scrutiny, select taxpayers for an IRS audit, and grant or deny immigration visas.The accountability mechanisms and legal standards that govern such decision processes have not kept pace with…

The ethics of algorithms: Mapping the debate

In information societies, operations, decisions and choices previously left to humans are increasingly delegated to algorithms, which may advise, if not decide, about how data should be interpreted and what actions should be taken as a result. More and more often, algorithms mediate social processes, business transactions, governmental decisions, and how we perceive, understand, and…

Killer Robots on the Battlefield

On April 11, member states at the United Nations will meet at another informal meeting of experts under the auspices of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, a treaty that prohibits weapons deemed to have indiscriminate effects or to cause excessive injury. They are meeting for the third time in Geneva to consider whether to…

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