Robot ethics examines the ethical dimensions related to robots and robotics. According to Keith Abney (2011), robot ethics can be divided into three different subsets: professional ethics of roboticists; moral code programmed into robots; or the self-conscious operations of robots themselves. This category includes different approaches to robot ethics but also draws from other closely related approaches such as machine ethics and machine morality.

errors   architecture   moral competence   moral philosophy   philosophy   miltary doctrine   autonomous robot warfare   life quality   perception   affect   technology acceptance   racial discrimination   emergence   man-machine systems   machine morality   artificial intelligence   medical law   armed conflict   empowerment   computational methods   methodology   robot behavior   moral decision making   risks   profiling   engineering   learning machines   robot surgery   computing profession   legal agency   computer ethics   Design   autonomy   mass destruction   social attitudes   freedom   poltical science   experimental ethics   swarms   computation   international law   human-robot interaction   discrimination   decision making   capabilities   children   security   future   history   agency   capability theory   rights   robots   privacy issues   philosophy of mind   social robots   moral dilemma   control   interaction   algorithm   law of armed conflict   ethical issues   well-being   moral cognition   robot ethics   legal issues   weapons   big data   psychology   model based reasoning   ethics   elder care   regulation   sex   reactive behavior   technology critique   governance   moral responsibility   threats   values   policies   robot companion   digital afterlife   defence ethics   emotion   bias   autonomous robots   social aspects of automation   accountability   Social robotics   military vehicles   privacy   lethal robots   war   affordances   international humanitarian law   military robots   legal theory   dilemmas   machine ethics   criminal law   elderly   ethical system   safety   social justice   deception   deliberative reasoning   drones   credit scoring   human-machine interactions   mobile robots   morality   heroism   robotic protest   death   simulation and modeling   robot architecture   simulation   law   responsibility   cognition   care giving   robot caregivers   autonomous vehicles   sex robots   collective decision making   telerobotics   autonomous agents   fairness   service robots   data mining   computers and society   robotics   cognitive psychology   models   artificial morality   artificial agents   philosophy of science   liability   epistemology   argumentation   killer robots   machine learning   justice   autonomous weapons   cultural politics   health care   craft   security issues   human rights   trust   assitive technology

Positive Computing

In this book, Rafael Calvo and Dorian Peters investigate what they term positive computing; the design and development of technology to support psychological well-being and human potential. Calvo and Peters explain that technologists growing interest in social good is part of a larger public concern about how our digital experience affects our emotions and our…

Embedding Ethical Principles in Collective Decision Support Systems

The future will see autonomous machines acting in the same environment as humans, in areas as diverse as driving, assistive technology, and health care. Think of self-driving cars, companion robots, and medical diagnosis support systems. We also believe that humans and machines will often need to work together and agree on common decisions. Thus hybrid…

Virtually Human

Every day, social media is automatically uploading our thoughts, memories, preferences, beliefs, and history to a virtual existence, essentially creating a mindfile of ourselves. Thousands of software engineers across the globe are working on mindware to create from these mindfile personalities and humanlike consciousness in computer software, or cyberconsciousness. In the next decade or two,…

Robotic Nudges: The Ethics of Engineering a More Socially Just Human Being

Robots are becoming an increasingly pervasive feature of our personal lives. As a result, there is growing importance placed on examining what constitutes appropriate behavior when they interact with human beings. In this paper, we discuss whether companion robots should be permitted to “nudge” their human users in the direction of being “more ethical”. More…

Of, For, and By the People: The Legal Lacuna of Synthetic Persons

Conferring legal personhood on purely synthetic entities is a very real legal possibility, one under consideration presently by the European Union. We show here that such legislative action would be morally unnecessary and legally troublesome. While AI legal personhood may have emotional or economic appeal, so do many superficially desirable hazards against which the law…

Automated Experiments on Ad Privacy Settings: A Tale of Opacity, Choice, and Discrimination

To partly address people's concerns over web tracking, Google has created the Ad Settings webpage to provide information about and some choice over the profiles Google creates on users. We present AdFisher, an automated tool that explores how user behaviors, Google's ads, and Ad Settings interact. AdFisher can run browser-based experiments and analyze data using…

One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100)

This report is the first in a series to be issued at regular intervals as a part of the One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100). Starting from a charge given by the AI100 Standing Committee to consider the likely influences of AI in a typical North American city by the year 2030, the…

Robot Sex

Sexbots are coming. Given the pace of technological advances, it is inevitable that realistic robots specifically designed for people's sexual gratification will be developed in the not-too-distant future. Despite popular culture's fascination with the topic, and the emergence of the much-publicized Campaign Against Sex Robots, there has been little academic research on the social, philosophical,…

Why robot nannies probably won’t do much psychological damage

While the issue of robot child care is obviously of critical importance, an appraisal will not benefit either the field or society if it unrealistically exaggerates a threat, any more so than if it unrealistically trivialises danger. Thus while I largely concur with Sharkey and Sharkey (hereafter S&S) on many substantial and important points, I…

The Trouble with Algorithmic Decisions: An Analytic Road Map to Examine Efficiency and Fairness in Automated and Opaque Decision Making

We are currently witnessing a sharp rise in the use of algorithmic decision-making tools. In these instances, a new wave of policy concerns is set forth. This article strives to map out these issues, separating the wheat from the chaff. It aims to provide policy makers and scholars with a comprehensive framework for approaching these…

Accountable Algorithms

Many important decisions historically made by people are now made by computers. Algorithms count votes, approve loan and credit card applications, target citizens or neighborhoods for police scrutiny, select taxpayers for an IRS audit, and grant or deny immigration visas.The accountability mechanisms and legal standards that govern such decision processes have not kept pace with…

The ethics of algorithms: Mapping the debate

In information societies, operations, decisions and choices previously left to humans are increasingly delegated to algorithms, which may advise, if not decide, about how data should be interpreted and what actions should be taken as a result. More and more often, algorithms mediate social processes, business transactions, governmental decisions, and how we perceive, understand, and…

Killer Robots on the Battlefield

On April 11, member states at the United Nations will meet at another informal meeting of experts under the auspices of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, a treaty that prohibits weapons deemed to have indiscriminate effects or to cause excessive injury. They are meeting for the third time in Geneva to consider whether to…

1 2 5