Robot ethics examines the ethical dimensions related to robots and robotics. According to Keith Abney (2011), robot ethics can be divided into three different subsets: professional ethics of roboticists; moral code programmed into robots; or the self-conscious operations of robots themselves. This category includes different approaches to robot ethics but also draws from other closely related approaches such as machine ethics and machine morality.

moral philosophy   children   robotic protest   human-robot interaction   social attitudes   autonomous robots   agency   security issues   liability   computers and society   data mining   philosophy of mind   health care   model based reasoning   artificial intelligence   big data   international humanitarian law   privacy issues   robots   military robots   elderly   responsibility   regulation   deliberative reasoning   profiling   social justice   lethal robots   simulation   models   autonomous agents   decision making   armed conflict   assitive technology   computation   epistemology   experimental ethics   risks   robot companion   emotion   privacy   cognition   Design   history   legal theory   bias   simulation and modeling   legal issues   law of armed conflict   philosophy   elder care   ethical issues   ethics   service robots   machine ethics   emergence   artificial agents   social robots   governance   rights   accountability   robot behavior   freedom   reactive behavior   capability theory   learning machines   autonomous robot warfare   trust   empowerment   care giving   war   future   computational methods   legal agency   moral competence   robot ethics   moral dilemma   deception   autonomous vehicles   ethical system   errors   discrimination   mobile robots   craft   technology acceptance   Social robotics   safety   swarms   architecture   philosophy of science   collective decision making   moral decision making   policies   interaction   life quality   international law   sex robots   machine learning   control   perception   miltary doctrine   racial discrimination   robot surgery   well-being   capabilities   mass destruction   machine morality   poltical science   medical law   human-machine interactions   military vehicles   computing profession   cultural politics   technology critique   moral cognition   dilemmas   argumentation   computer ethics   telerobotics   autonomy   human rights   heroism   algorithm   robotics   criminal law   values   engineering   security   robot architecture   psychology   drones   justice   credit scoring   methodology   killer robots   digital afterlife   social aspects of automation   cognitive psychology   affordances   law   defence ethics   artificial morality   fairness   threats   morality   weapons   robot caregivers   sex   moral responsibility   affect   autonomous weapons   man-machine systems   death

Positive Computing

In this book, Rafael Calvo and Dorian Peters investigate what they term positive computing; the design and development of technology to support psychological well-being and human potential. Calvo and Peters explain that technologists growing interest in social good is part of a larger public concern about how our digital experience affects our emotions and our…

Embedding Ethical Principles in Collective Decision Support Systems

The future will see autonomous machines acting in the same environment as humans, in areas as diverse as driving, assistive technology, and health care. Think of self-driving cars, companion robots, and medical diagnosis support systems. We also believe that humans and machines will often need to work together and agree on common decisions. Thus hybrid…

Virtually Human

Every day, social media is automatically uploading our thoughts, memories, preferences, beliefs, and history to a virtual existence, essentially creating a mindfile of ourselves. Thousands of software engineers across the globe are working on mindware to create from these mindfile personalities and humanlike consciousness in computer software, or cyberconsciousness. In the next decade or two,…

Robotic Nudges: The Ethics of Engineering a More Socially Just Human Being

Robots are becoming an increasingly pervasive feature of our personal lives. As a result, there is growing importance placed on examining what constitutes appropriate behavior when they interact with human beings. In this paper, we discuss whether companion robots should be permitted to “nudge” their human users in the direction of being “more ethical”. More…

Of, For, and By the People: The Legal Lacuna of Synthetic Persons

Conferring legal personhood on purely synthetic entities is a very real legal possibility, one under consideration presently by the European Union. We show here that such legislative action would be morally unnecessary and legally troublesome. While AI legal personhood may have emotional or economic appeal, so do many superficially desirable hazards against which the law…

Automated Experiments on Ad Privacy Settings: A Tale of Opacity, Choice, and Discrimination

To partly address people's concerns over web tracking, Google has created the Ad Settings webpage to provide information about and some choice over the profiles Google creates on users. We present AdFisher, an automated tool that explores how user behaviors, Google's ads, and Ad Settings interact. AdFisher can run browser-based experiments and analyze data using…

One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100)

This report is the first in a series to be issued at regular intervals as a part of the One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100). Starting from a charge given by the AI100 Standing Committee to consider the likely influences of AI in a typical North American city by the year 2030, the…

Robot Sex

Sexbots are coming. Given the pace of technological advances, it is inevitable that realistic robots specifically designed for people's sexual gratification will be developed in the not-too-distant future. Despite popular culture's fascination with the topic, and the emergence of the much-publicized Campaign Against Sex Robots, there has been little academic research on the social, philosophical,…

Why robot nannies probably won’t do much psychological damage

While the issue of robot child care is obviously of critical importance, an appraisal will not benefit either the field or society if it unrealistically exaggerates a threat, any more so than if it unrealistically trivialises danger. Thus while I largely concur with Sharkey and Sharkey (hereafter S&S) on many substantial and important points, I…

The Trouble with Algorithmic Decisions: An Analytic Road Map to Examine Efficiency and Fairness in Automated and Opaque Decision Making

We are currently witnessing a sharp rise in the use of algorithmic decision-making tools. In these instances, a new wave of policy concerns is set forth. This article strives to map out these issues, separating the wheat from the chaff. It aims to provide policy makers and scholars with a comprehensive framework for approaching these…

Accountable Algorithms

Many important decisions historically made by people are now made by computers. Algorithms count votes, approve loan and credit card applications, target citizens or neighborhoods for police scrutiny, select taxpayers for an IRS audit, and grant or deny immigration visas.The accountability mechanisms and legal standards that govern such decision processes have not kept pace with…

The ethics of algorithms: Mapping the debate

In information societies, operations, decisions and choices previously left to humans are increasingly delegated to algorithms, which may advise, if not decide, about how data should be interpreted and what actions should be taken as a result. More and more often, algorithms mediate social processes, business transactions, governmental decisions, and how we perceive, understand, and…

Killer Robots on the Battlefield

On April 11, member states at the United Nations will meet at another informal meeting of experts under the auspices of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, a treaty that prohibits weapons deemed to have indiscriminate effects or to cause excessive injury. They are meeting for the third time in Geneva to consider whether to…

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