Robot ethics examines the ethical dimensions related to robots and robotics. According to Keith Abney (2011), robot ethics can be divided into three different subsets: professional ethics of roboticists; moral code programmed into robots; or the self-conscious operations of robots themselves. This category includes different approaches to robot ethics but also draws from other closely related approaches such as machine ethics and machine morality.

computational methods   robots   robot companion   machine morality   mobile robots   justice   life quality   human-machine interactions   sex   moral responsibility   engineering   ethical issues   military vehicles   reactive behavior   freedom   machine ethics   artificial morality   technology critique   history   security issues   morality   simulation   trust   autonomous robot warfare   Social robotics   simulation and modeling   models   medical law   social robots   philosophy of mind   ethical system   learning machines   control   elder care   rights   autonomous robots   epistemology   capability theory   responsibility   policies   methodology   craft   heroism   regulation   mass destruction   robot caregivers   capabilities   poltical science   big data   computing profession   social attitudes   children   artificial agents   digital afterlife   elderly   cognitive psychology   values   affordances   philosophy of science   autonomous weapons   deception   computers and society   autonomous agents   criminal law   drones   dilemmas   service robots   human-robot interaction   philosophy   fairness   assitive technology   moral cognition   swarms   algorithm   weapons   moral decision making   collective decision making   legal agency   governance   perception   data mining   robotic protest   miltary doctrine   robot architecture   empowerment   international law   future   social justice   cultural politics   security   military robots   armed conflict   moral competence   discrimination   social aspects of automation   legal theory   computer ethics   moral dilemma   technology acceptance   killer robots   man-machine systems   artificial intelligence   experimental ethics   accountability   telerobotics   computation   bias   privacy   risks   human rights   Design   well-being   health care   safety   sex robots   legal issues   emotion   errors   moral philosophy   death   ethics   interaction   credit scoring   robot surgery   cognition   racial discrimination   autonomous vehicles   international humanitarian law   agency   lethal robots   care giving   psychology   emergence   war   profiling   deliberative reasoning   robot ethics   law of armed conflict   affect   liability   argumentation   model based reasoning   privacy issues   robotics   decision making   law   robot behavior   autonomy   threats   defence ethics   architecture   machine learning

Positive Computing

In this book, Rafael Calvo and Dorian Peters investigate what they term positive computing; the design and development of technology to support psychological well-being and human potential. Calvo and Peters explain that technologists growing interest in social good is part of a larger public concern about how our digital experience affects our emotions and our…

Embedding Ethical Principles in Collective Decision Support Systems

The future will see autonomous machines acting in the same environment as humans, in areas as diverse as driving, assistive technology, and health care. Think of self-driving cars, companion robots, and medical diagnosis support systems. We also believe that humans and machines will often need to work together and agree on common decisions. Thus hybrid…

Virtually Human

Every day, social media is automatically uploading our thoughts, memories, preferences, beliefs, and history to a virtual existence, essentially creating a mindfile of ourselves. Thousands of software engineers across the globe are working on mindware to create from these mindfile personalities and humanlike consciousness in computer software, or cyberconsciousness. In the next decade or two,…

Robotic Nudges: The Ethics of Engineering a More Socially Just Human Being

Robots are becoming an increasingly pervasive feature of our personal lives. As a result, there is growing importance placed on examining what constitutes appropriate behavior when they interact with human beings. In this paper, we discuss whether companion robots should be permitted to “nudge” their human users in the direction of being “more ethical”. More…

Of, For, and By the People: The Legal Lacuna of Synthetic Persons

Conferring legal personhood on purely synthetic entities is a very real legal possibility, one under consideration presently by the European Union. We show here that such legislative action would be morally unnecessary and legally troublesome. While AI legal personhood may have emotional or economic appeal, so do many superficially desirable hazards against which the law…

Automated Experiments on Ad Privacy Settings: A Tale of Opacity, Choice, and Discrimination

To partly address people's concerns over web tracking, Google has created the Ad Settings webpage to provide information about and some choice over the profiles Google creates on users. We present AdFisher, an automated tool that explores how user behaviors, Google's ads, and Ad Settings interact. AdFisher can run browser-based experiments and analyze data using…

One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100)

This report is the first in a series to be issued at regular intervals as a part of the One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100). Starting from a charge given by the AI100 Standing Committee to consider the likely influences of AI in a typical North American city by the year 2030, the…

Robot Sex

Sexbots are coming. Given the pace of technological advances, it is inevitable that realistic robots specifically designed for people's sexual gratification will be developed in the not-too-distant future. Despite popular culture's fascination with the topic, and the emergence of the much-publicized Campaign Against Sex Robots, there has been little academic research on the social, philosophical,…

Why robot nannies probably won’t do much psychological damage

While the issue of robot child care is obviously of critical importance, an appraisal will not benefit either the field or society if it unrealistically exaggerates a threat, any more so than if it unrealistically trivialises danger. Thus while I largely concur with Sharkey and Sharkey (hereafter S&S) on many substantial and important points, I…

The Trouble with Algorithmic Decisions: An Analytic Road Map to Examine Efficiency and Fairness in Automated and Opaque Decision Making

We are currently witnessing a sharp rise in the use of algorithmic decision-making tools. In these instances, a new wave of policy concerns is set forth. This article strives to map out these issues, separating the wheat from the chaff. It aims to provide policy makers and scholars with a comprehensive framework for approaching these…

Accountable Algorithms

Many important decisions historically made by people are now made by computers. Algorithms count votes, approve loan and credit card applications, target citizens or neighborhoods for police scrutiny, select taxpayers for an IRS audit, and grant or deny immigration visas.The accountability mechanisms and legal standards that govern such decision processes have not kept pace with…

The ethics of algorithms: Mapping the debate

In information societies, operations, decisions and choices previously left to humans are increasingly delegated to algorithms, which may advise, if not decide, about how data should be interpreted and what actions should be taken as a result. More and more often, algorithms mediate social processes, business transactions, governmental decisions, and how we perceive, understand, and…

Killer Robots on the Battlefield

On April 11, member states at the United Nations will meet at another informal meeting of experts under the auspices of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, a treaty that prohibits weapons deemed to have indiscriminate effects or to cause excessive injury. They are meeting for the third time in Geneva to consider whether to…

1 2 5