Interaction Expands Function: Social Shaping of the Therapeutic Robot PARO in a Nursing Home

We use the social shaping of technology and society framework to qualitatively analyze data collected through observation of human-robot interaction (HRI) between social actors in a nursing home (staff, residents, visitors) and the socially assistive robot PARO. The study took place over the course of three months, during which PARO was placed in a publicly…

Use of a Therapeutic, Socially Assistive Pet Robot (PARO) in Improving Mood and Stimulating Social Interaction and Communication for People With Dementia: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial

Background Socially assistive robotics is a growing area for geriatric research. Objective This single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to investigate the use of PARO, a therapeutic, socially assistive pet robot, in improving mood, and stimulating social interaction and communication for people with dementia in the community. Results Recruitment to the pilot study began in…

Development and preliminary evaluation of a caregiver’s manual for robot therapy using the therapeutic seal robot Paro

Robot therapy is expected to have psychological, physiological and social effects similar to animal therapy. The use of a therapeutic seal robot, Paro, in various facilities for the elderly is spreading around the world. However, caregivers use Paro freely, and the ways in which they use Paro differ among them. Therefore, the effects are influenced…

Interaction Expands Function: Social Shaping of the Therapeutic Robot PARO in a Nursing Home

We use the social shaping of technology and society framework to qualitatively analyze data collected through observation of human-robot interaction (HRI) between social actors in a nursing home (staff, residents, visitors) and the socially assistive robot PARO. The study took place over the course of three months, during which PARO was placed in a publicly…

Participatory design for home care technology

We propose a Prosumer (producer + consumer) model of participatory design for applications of technology for home health. Our focus is on technology to keep elderly and disabled consumers of care independent and able to live in their own homes. Our methodology is based on a new technique for participative design whereby the consumers of…

Psychological and social effects of one year robot assisted activity on elderly people at a health service facility for the aged

A long-term experiment of robot assisted activity for elderly people has been conducted at a health service facility for the aged since Aug. 2003. Three therapeutic seal robots, Paro, were introduced there. This paper describes the results of the experiment for one year. Face scales that consist of illustrations of person's faces were used to…

Aging-in-place with the use of ambient intelligence technology: Perspectives of older users

INTRODUCTION: Ambient intelligence technologies are a means to support aging-in-place by monitoring clients in the home. In this study, monitoring is applied for the purpose of raising an alarm in an emergency situation, and thereby, providing an increased sense of safety and security. Apart from these technological solutions, there are numerous environmental interventions in the…

Effectiveness of assistive technology and environmental interventions in maintaining independence and reducing home care costs for the frail elderly: A randomized controlled trial

CONTEXT: Home environmental interventions (EIs) and assistive technology (AT) devices have the potential to increase independence for community-based frail elderly persons, but their effectiveness has not been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a system of AT-EI service provisions designed to promote independence and reduce health care costs for physically frail elderly persons. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial.…

Elderly persons’ perception and acceptance of using wireless sensor networks to assist healthcare

PURPOSE: This is an exploratory study carrying out qualitative research into the perceptions, attitudes and concerns of elderly persons towards wireless sensor network (WSN) technologies in terms of their application to healthcare. This work aims to provide guidance on the dimensions and items that may be included in the development of a more in-depth questionnaire…

Granny and the robots: Ethical issues in robot care for the elderly

The growing proportion of elderly people in society, together with recent advances in robotics, makes the use of robots in elder care increasingly likely. We outline developments in the areas of robot applications for assisting the elderly and their caretakers, for monitoring their health and safety, and for providing them with companionship. Despite the possible…

Home Care Expert Systems for Ambient Assisted Living: A Multi-Agent Approach

The aging process of the population of the First World countries is increasing interest in solutions to improve the quality of life of elderly or disabled people and their families, providing an economically sustainable form of healthcare. Thus, Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) and Ambient Intelligence (AmI) are moving towards the Artificial Intelligence field to develop…

ICT services for prolonging independent living of the elderly with cognitive impairments – IN LIFE concept

Older people with cognitive impairment need support in their everyday living. IN LIFE, an EC co-funded project, aims to organize large-scale and multi-country pilot applications, by providing interoperable, open, personalised and seamless ICT solutions that support older persons in all key home activities, communication, health maintenance, travel, mobility and socialisation tasks, with novel, scalable and…

ICT towards elderly independent living

Due to current demographic trends and aging, more and more people are living alone and need proper support in their daily activities. An important aspect in overcoming the problems of people living independently is the use of Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) technologies. AAL is related to the use of ICT to increase the quality of…

In-home monitoring of persons with dementia: Ethical guidelines for technology research and development

Innovative technologies are rapidly emerging that offer caregivers the support and means to assist older adults with cognitive impairment to continue living "at home." Technology research and development efforts applied to older adults with dementia invoke special grant and institutional review board concerns, to ensure not only safe but also ethically appropriate interventions. Evidence is…

Lessons Learned in Deploying Independent Living Technologies to Older Adults’ Homes

Independent living technologies are fast gaining interest within both academia and industry, amid the realization that the world's population is aging. Technology can increase the quality of life of older people, allowing them to age-in-place and helping them to remain physically, cognitively and socially engaged with their environment. However, little research in this area is…

Performance of daily activities by older adults with dementia: The role of an assistive robot

Older adults with cognitive impairment often have difficulties in remembering the proper sequence of activities of daily living (ADLs) or how to use the tools necessary to perform ADLs. They therefore require reminders in a timely fashion while performing ADLs. This is a very stressful situation for the caregivers of people with dementia. In this…

Robots and human dignity: A consideration of the effects of robot care on the dignity of older people

This paper explores the relationship between dignity and robot care for older people. It highlights the disquiet that is often expressed about failures to maintain the dignity of vulnerable older people, but points out some of the contradictory uses of the word ‘dignity’. Certain authors have resolved these contradictions by identifying different senses of dignity;…

Socially Assistive Robots in Elderly Care: A Mixed-Method Systematic Literature Review

The world’s population is aging, and developed countries are engaged in developing a new aged-care paradigm to reduce spiraling healthcare costs. Assistive technologies like Socially Assistive Robots (SAR) are being considered as enablers to support the process of caregiving or to keep the elderly at home longer. This article reports on a mixed-method systematic review…

Wireless sensor networks for in-home healthcare: Issues, trends and prospects

As the world's population ages, those suffering from diseases of the elderly will increase. Health care expenditures will increase rapidly and become unaffordable for governments around the world. New technology and new models for patient healthcare must be found to relieve the pressure on finances and society. In-home pervasive networks may assist residents by providing…