control   social justice   case-based reasoning   vegetative state   miltary doctrine   social interaction   actuation   service robots   rehabilitation   participatory design   future   sociology   reactive behavior   simulation   robot safety   robots   assitive technology   autonomy   ontology   robot navigation   healthcare   machine ethics   social robots   game theory   representation   empathy   social aspects of automation   social attitudes   robot ethics   adaptive systems   search and rescue   patient compliance   economic benefit   legal issues   medical system   neuropsychology   robot companion   sensing   deliberative reasoning   psychology   motion grammar   medicine delivery   cybernetics   medicine   cloud robotics   credit scoring   mental states   body gestures   home care   context-free grammar   navigation   robotics   robotic etiquette   dynamics   policies   path planning   morality   personified robots   behavioral cues   elderly   coordination   emotion   EEG   affect   argumentation   mathematics   ethics   war   Design   privacy issues   safety   formal methods   diagnostic robots   consciousness   decision making   robot architecture   Japan   human-machine interactions   socially assistive robots   robot caregivers   brain-computer interactions   philosophy of science   computational linguistics   algorithm   neuroscience   man-machine systems   autonomous robot warfare   privacy   history   detection   constraint satisfaction   materials   economic impact   hybrid control   stereotype   Turing test   drones   robot behavior   discrimination   theory of mind   manipulation planning   killer robots   elder care   death   models   service robot   autonomous weapons   computation   human intelligence   emergence   human-robot interaction   lethal robots   health care   autonomous vehicles   human rights   artificial intelligence   concept learning   trust   machine learning   engineering   machine morality   fairness   threats   autonomous robots

Governing Lethal Behavior: Embedding Ethics in a Hybrid Deliberative/Reactive Robot Architecture

This article provides the basis, motivation, theory, and design recommendations for the implementation of an ethical control and reasoning system potentially suitable for constraining lethal actions in an autonomous robotic system so that they fall within the bounds prescribed by the Laws of War and Rules of Engagement. It is based upon extensions to existing…