body gestures   stereotype   service robot   autonomous weapons   materials   robot caregivers   lethal robots   autonomous robots   emotion   mental states   assitive technology   concept learning   behavioral cues   history   emergence   patient compliance   future   safety   artificial intelligence   legal issues   privacy issues   human rights   formal methods   case-based reasoning   sociology   simulation   path planning   war   privacy   deliberative reasoning   neuroscience   constraint satisfaction   medicine delivery   robotics   vegetative state   dynamics   theory of mind   discrimination   healthcare   Turing test   engineering   autonomous robot warfare   brain-computer interactions   manipulation planning   mathematics   context-free grammar   ontology   coordination   neuropsychology   argumentation   death   cloud robotics   miltary doctrine   ethics   representation   game theory   actuation   service robots   personified robots   cybernetics   threats   social interaction   machine morality   home care   Japan   philosophy of science   economic impact   empathy   sensing   computation   motion grammar   reactive behavior   human-robot interaction   search and rescue   social robots   man-machine systems   economic benefit   robotic etiquette   morality   human-machine interactions   killer robots   hybrid control   control   EEG   medical system   drones   robots   health care   elder care   models   algorithm   diagnostic robots   navigation   adaptive systems   robot behavior   credit scoring   psychology   Design   rehabilitation   robot navigation   social aspects of automation   policies   consciousness   robot architecture   elderly   machine ethics   robot companion   participatory design   robot ethics   socially assistive robots   fairness   detection   social justice   robot safety   computational linguistics   decision making   social attitudes   human intelligence   machine learning   autonomy   trust   affect   autonomous vehicles   medicine

Governing Lethal Behavior: Embedding Ethics in a Hybrid Deliberative/Reactive Robot Architecture

This article provides the basis, motivation, theory, and design recommendations for the implementation of an ethical control and reasoning system potentially suitable for constraining lethal actions in an autonomous robotic system so that they fall within the bounds prescribed by the Laws of War and Rules of Engagement. It is based upon extensions to existing…