Robots are becoming increasingly entangled with life and death. Robots that we die with may belong to the category of military robotics and autonomous weapon systems, but we can also think of these robots in the context of healthcare and especially palliative care. "Killer Robot" is a term that was recently popularized by the Stop Killer Robots campaign. The term Killer Robot is used specifically to denote Autonomous Weapon Systems in the context of military robotics. Killer Robot is therefore a military application that can operate and make decisions autonomously without human intervention or guidance.

robotic protest   mobile robots   kill list   miltary doctrine   computing profession   experience   military vehicles   philosophy   armed conflict   robots   threats   defence ethics   poltical science   robotics   human rights   robotic weapons   human-robot interaction   death   killer robots   drone warfare   technology   autonomous robots   swarms   risks   military robots   governance   international humanitarian law   Israel   biopolitics   ethics   lethal autonomy   algorithm   culture   security   war   perception   political science   autonomous robot warfare   weapons   autonomous weapon systems   arms control   lethal decision-making   drones   artificial intelligence   autonomous weapons   automation   ethics of violence   morality   IDF   agency   control   robot ethics   engineering   law of armed conflict   affect   Africa   mass destruction   critical theory   international law   Database   data mining   computers and society   USA   post-Newtonian rationality   armed autonomous robots

Considering the fetish value of EOD robots How robots save lives and sell war

This article explores how the Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) robot is represented to the mass media by the US military as a ‘life-saving device’. Such descriptions of the EOD robot discursively organize it in relation to other objects and actors, endow them with values and capacities, and ultimately situate them in social action. Drawing from…

The evitability of autonomous robot warfare

AbstractThis is a call for the prohibition of autonomous lethal targeting by free-ranging robots. This article will first point out the three main international humanitarian law (IHL)/ethical issues with armed autonomous robots and then move on to discuss a major stumbling block to their evitability: misunderstandings about the limitations of robotic systems and artificial intelligence.…

Categorization and legality of autonomous and remote weapons systems

This article reconsiders the status and legality of both autonomous and remote weapons systems under international humanitarian law. Technologically advanced unmanned military systems are being introduced into the modern battlespace with insufficient recognition of their potential challenge to international humanitarian law. The article questions the understanding of both autonomous and remote weapons systems as ‘weapons’…

On banning autonomous weapon systems: human rights, automation, and the dehumanization of lethal decision-making

AbstractThis article considers the recent literature concerned with establishing an international prohibition on autonomous weapon systems. It seeks to address concerns expressed by some scholars that such a ban might be problematic for various reasons. It argues in favour of a theoretical foundation for such a ban based on human rights and humanitarian principles that…

Ban Killer Robots before They Become Weapons of Mass Destruction

Last week the Future of Life Institute released a letter signed by some 1,500 artificial intelligence (AI), robotics and technology researchers. Among them were celebrities of science and the technology industry—Stephen Hawking, Elon Musk and Steve Wozniak—along with public intellectuals such as Noam Chomsky and Daniel Dennett. The letter called for an international ban on…

Killer Robots as cultural techniques

In October 2012 a group of non-governmental organizations formed a Campaign to Stop Killer Robots. The aim of this campaign was to preemptively ban fully autonomous weapons capable of selecting and engaging targets without human intervention. The campaign gained momentum swiftly, leading to different legal and political discussions and decision-makings. In this article, we use…

Military Robots: Mapping the Moral Landscape

Philosophers have wrestled over the morality and ethics of war for nearly as long as human beings have been waging it. The death and destruction that unmanned warfare entails magnifies the moral and ethical challenges we face in conventional warfare and everyday society. Intrinsically linked are questions and perennial problems concerning what justifies the initial…

How Robots Can Affect Human Behavior: Investigating the Effects of Robotic Displays of Protest and Distress

The rise of military drones and other robots deployed in ethically-sensitive contexts has fueled interest in developing autonomous agents that behave ethically. The ability for autonomous agents to independently reason about situational ethics will inevitably lead to confrontations between robots and human operators regarding the morality of issued commands. Ideally, a robot would be able…

From Killer Machines to Doctrines and Swarms, or Why Ethics of Military Robotics Is not (Necessarily) About Robots

Ethical reflections on military robotics can be enriched by a better understanding of the nature and role of these technologies and by putting robotics into context in various ways. Discussing a range of ethical questions, this paper challenges the prevalent assumptions that military robotics is about military technology as a mere means to an end,…

Keep adding. On kill lists, drone warfare and the politics of databases

Alongside drones and Special Forces, the ‘disposition matrix’ – a kill/capture list and database – is a key device in the US government’s global ‘war on terror’, in which targeting individuals has become increasingly institutionalized. The majority of studies to date have focused on the human world of the military, insurgents and policy makers with…

Automated Killers and the Computing Profession

When will we realize that our artificial intelligence and autonomous-robotics research projects have been harnessed to manufacture killing machines? This is not terminator-style science fiction but grim reality: South Korea and Israel have both deployed armed robot border guards, while other nations--including China, India, Russia, Singapore, and the UK--increasingly use military robots. Fully autonomous robots…

FCJ-187 The Droning of Experience

The figure of the drone is invoked as a contemporary avatar for the logics of distributed networking at a distance, automated sense-making and automated response associated with interactive platforms more generally. The case of affective apps is forwarded as an example of the generalized logic of ‘droning’ in the register of control via the modulation…

Governing Military Technologies in the 21st Century

Governing Military Technologies in the 21st Century is one of the first books to tackle the big five technological threats at once: nanotech, robotics, cyberwar, human enhancement, and non-lethal weapons, in the process weaving a historical, legal, and sociopolitical fabric into a discussion of their development, deployment, and potential regulation.